Show Summary Details
Page of



Andrew Mitchell

, Giovanni Luigi De Maria

, and Adrian Banning

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 January 2022

This chapter introduces the subject of cardiac catheterization. It starts with background, basic definitions, and a history of the discipline. Indications for both cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography are explored, and the choice between cardiac computed tomography or invasive angiography is discussed. Radiology equipment is explained, along with fluoroscopy and acquisition in terms of optimizing the diagnostic picture with the lowest practicable dose. Following that, radiation safety and protective measures are defined, along with ALARA (‘as low as reasonably achievable’) and dose excess. Finally, preparation of both the patient and the catheter laboratory are covered.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.