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Respiratory support 

Respiratory support
Respiratory support

Grenville Fox

, Nicholas Hoque

, and Timothy Watts

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date: 28 July 2021

This chapter includes sections on various modes of both invasive (i.e. via an endotracheal tube) and non-invasive respiratory support in neonates, including conventional ventilation, volume-targeted ventilation, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), nasal continuous positive airways pressure (nCPAP), nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV), and high and low-flow nasal cannula oxygen. There is also a brief section on the care of babies with a tracheostomy as well as management of babies requiring home oxygen. Reference is made to the most recent European Consensus Guidelines. A separate chapter on neonatal respiratory problems (Chapter 7) gives further detail on common lung pathologies requiring respiratory support in neonates.

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