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Grenville Fox

, Nicholas Hoque

, and Timothy Watts

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date: 19 June 2021

This chapter provides a general overview of the nutritional requirements for preterm and term babies, whether provided parenterally or enterally. The composition and prescription of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) are described in some detail, along with complications of parenteral nutrition administration and how to reduce the risk of these. General principles of enteral feeding with breast milk or formula are discussed, with emphasis on the benefits of breastfeeding and contraindications for this, including a list of maternal medications. A section on donor human milk describes indications for, and preparation of, donor breast milk. Data on the composition of breast milk, preterm and term formula, and special formulae are included.

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