Show Summary Details
Page of

Respiratory infection—bacterial 

Respiratory infection—bacterial
Chapter:
Respiratory infection—bacterial
Author(s):

Stephen Chapman

, Grace Robinson

, John Stradling

, Sophie West

, and John Wrightson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198703860.003.0040
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 January 2020

This chapter covers all aspects of the diagnosis and management of community and hospital acquired pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia represents the commonest infectious cause of death in the UK and USA. Up to 10% require ITU admission where mortality remains at 50%. The predisposing conditions are discussed. This chapter includes guidance on community-acquired pneumonia severity scores and antibiotic choice, based on the recent British Thoracic Society guidelines. Strategies for patients who may need ITU care, who fail to respond to initial antibiotics, and who need follow-up after pneumonia are discussed. Other forms of respiratory infection are covered, including their aetiology and their management. These include ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP), aspiration pneumonia, lung abscess (including Lemierre’s syndrome), nocardiosis, actinomycosis, anthrax, tularaemia, melioidosis, and leptospirosis. The differential diagnosis of fever and CXR infiltrates in a patient on ITU is highlighted.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.