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Cardiac and vascular ageing 

Cardiac and vascular ageing
Cardiac and vascular ageing

Hidetaka Ota

and Masahiro Akishita

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date: 20 May 2022

There is a continuum of expression of cardiac structural and functional alterations that occurs with ageing in healthy humans, and these age-associated cardiac changes seem to be relevant to the increase in left ventricular hypertrophy, chronic heart failure, and arrhythmia that are commonly observed with increasing age. This chapter describes the structural and functional changes in the ageing process of the heart and blood vessels, and provides an overview of representative cardiovascular disease caused by ageing including hypertension, atherosclerosis, and heart failure. In addition, an outline of interventions that have be utilized to prevent and treat ageing related cardiovascular diseases is provided.

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