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Ageing with HIV 

Ageing with HIV
Chapter:
Ageing with HIV
Author(s):

Amy Justice

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198701590.003.0085
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date: 18 October 2019

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection, in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy, has become more common among middle-aged and older individuals. Diagnosis and rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy to suppress the virus below detectable levels are urgent priorities in management. Once achieved, those ageing with HIV infection can expect to live many years, but they remain at increased risk for HIV-associated non-AIDS (HANA) conditions compared to demographically similar uninfected individuals. Because HANA conditions include several forms of cancer, cardiovascular disease, liver disease, and kidney disease, the clinical management of those ageing with HIV is complicated by multimorbidity and polypharmacy at an earlier age than those ageing without HIV infection. The study of ageing with HIV infection may improve our understanding of the effects of long-term viral infection on the ageing process.

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