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Common fractures in older adults: epidemiology and outcomes 

Common fractures in older adults: epidemiology and outcomes
Chapter:
Common fractures in older adults: epidemiology and outcomes
Author(s):

Hiroshi Hagino

and Akiko Kondo

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198701590.003.0069
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date: 23 August 2019

Among elderly individuals worldwide, the incidence of fractures is highest in the vertebrae, followed by the hips and distal forearms. There is a wide variation in global hip fracture incidence rates, with the rates in women approximately twice those in men. These rates are low in people under 70 years old, and increase exponentially with age thereafter. There are large geographic and secular changes in incidence of most common fragility fractures, for reasons that are not fully understood. Morbidity and mortality increases are associated with all fragility fractures, although to varying degrees depending on the site of the fracture. The mean decline in quality of life is greater in patients with hip fractures, than those with vertebral or distal forearm fractures.

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