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Gait disorders: clinical significance and approach to evaluation and management 

Gait disorders: clinical significance and approach to evaluation and management
Gait disorders: clinical significance and approach to evaluation and management

Stephanie Studenski

and Jessie VanSwearingen

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date: 28 June 2022

Mobility is fundamental for living. As walking is the most common form of mobility for humans, disorders of gait impact multiple aspects of our existence, including independence, social function, health, and the ability to explore and understand ourselves in relation to the world. Because of the breadth of the impact of gait disorders, the intent of this chapter is to provide clinicians with an adequate background in the basic physiology and mechanics of normal gait, and an observational approach to recognize deviations from the normal pattern-types of gait abnormalities. While the type of gait disorder does not directly lead to the treatment prescription, we describe various approaches to the management (including assistive devices) and rehabilitation that may have potential to impact related gait abnormalities. Lastly, we highlight rising concerns and directions in the assessment and management of subclinical gait problems in walking.

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