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Sarcopenia: assessment, management, and outcomes 

Sarcopenia: assessment, management, and outcomes
Sarcopenia: assessment, management, and outcomes

Luis Miguel F. Gutiérrez Robledo

and Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda

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date: 05 July 2022

Sarcopenia is a muscle wasting condition that develops gradually during ageing and results in a loss of muscle mass and strength, leading to impairment in physical performance ability with loss of mobility and function, falls, and mortality. Diagnostic criteria include measurements of physical performance, muscle strength, and body composition. Sarcopenia is a treatable malady of ageing. It is clear that both aerobic and resistance exercise can improve muscle function. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that high-quality protein supplementation can enhance muscle mass and function. Also, low 25(OH) vitamin D levels requires replacement therapy. Aside from exercise and nutritional supplementation, the pharmaceutical approach to sarcopenia is still under development. A specific well-directed programme of lifelong training could preserve body balance, muscle structure, and contractile properties up to old age, which in turn would improve quality of life and reduce risk of undue functional impairment.

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