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Pressure injuries in the ageing population 

Pressure injuries in the ageing population
Chapter:
Pressure injuries in the ageing population
Author(s):

Cindy Kiely

and Magdalena Pupiales

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198701590.003.0053
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date: 18 October 2019

The prevalence of pressure ulcers has been reported to range from 4.1 to 32.2% in the older adult population. Pressure ulcers, also known as decubitus ulcers, bedsores, and pressure sores, are defined as localized injury to the skin and/or underlying structures, usually over a bony prominence as result of pressure or pressure in combination with shear. Within the geriatric population, prevalence and incidence rates tend to be high due to multifactorial risk factors such as comorbidities, changes in functional status, nutritional habits, medications affecting the skin, and physiological changes. The impact of pressure ulcers spans physical, emotional, social, and economic dimensions, and is of concern throughout the healthcare continuum. The aim of this chapter is to illustrate the aetiologic complexity of pressure ulcers in the geriatric population and summarize a comprehensive approach to prevention and management of pressure ulcers.

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