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Ageing, multimorbidity, and daily functioning 

Ageing, multimorbidity, and daily functioning
Ageing, multimorbidity, and daily functioning

Barbara Gryglewska

, Karolina Piotrowicz

, and Tomasz Grodzicki

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date: 16 May 2022

Multimorbidity is defined as any combination of a chronic disease with at least one other acute or chronic disease or biopsychosocial or somatic risk factor. Old age is a leading risk factor for multimorbidity. It has a negative impact on short- and long-term prognosis, patients’ cognitive and functional performance, self-care, independence, and quality of life. It substantially influences patients’ clinical management and increases healthcare-related costs. There is a great variety of clinical measures to assess multimorbidity; some are presented in this chapter. Despite its high prevalence in older adults, clinical guidelines for physicians managing patients with multimorbidity are underdeveloped and insufficient.

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