- Section 1 Ageing population and policy
- Section 2 Key concepts in care of older adults
- Section 3 Principles and organization of care
- Section 4 Age-related biological changes, altered physiology, and vulnerability to diseases and chronic conditions
- Section 5 Geriatric syndromes in clinical practice
- Section 6 Nutrition and metabolism
- Section 7 Mobility disorders: prevention, impact, and compensation
- Section 8 Infections in older adults: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Section 9 Cancer: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Section 10 Vascular diseases: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Section 11 Neurological disorders: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Section 12 Cognitive decline and dementia in older adults: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Section 13 Mental health of older adults
- Chapter 134 Mental health: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Chapter 135 Sleep disorders
- Chapter 136 Mood and anxiety disorders
- Chapter 137 Functional psychoses
- Chapter 138 Older people with substance problems
- Chapter 139 Elder abuse
- Section 14 Management of common medical conditions: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management
- Section 15 Palliative medicine and end-of-life care
- Section 16 Healthy ageing
(p. 1071) Elder abuse
- (p. 1071) Elder abuse
, Amit Arora
, and Anmol Arora
There have been advances in the study of elder abuse in the past few years. References to novel literature since the original chapter was published has been added. Notably, there have been attempts to try to quantify the prevalence of elder abuse, especially in institutional settings. More links have been added to the ‘List of useful websites’ at the end of the chapter.
Discussion about the potential effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on elder abuse has been added, referencing literature published in 2020. This has been added to the Risk Factors section and describes the effect of the pandemic in relation to known risk factors, especially social isolation which could lead to a surge in elder abuse.
Recommendations from the United Nations (UN), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the UK have been added.
Brief mention of the Domestic Abuse Bill 2019–21, which at the time of writing has been voted through the House of Commons and is being debated in the House of Lords. In the UK, before a Bill can become an Act of Parliament it must be agreed upon by both the House of Commons and House of Lords, which are the two chambers that make up the UK Parliament. It has been noted that the UK continues to participate in the European Convention on Human Rights despite its exit from the European Union, which is mentioned in the ‘UK Laws Relevant to Elder Abuse’ section.
Discussion about the Gosport Independent Panel and Gosport War Memorial Hospital have been added in the context of major scandals prompting change to healthcare systems and legislation in the UK.
Brief discussion about elder abuse support systems and legislation in India has been added. India has legislation specifically targeted towards elder abuse in the ‘Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007’.
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