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Cardiovascular assessment and monitoring 

Cardiovascular assessment and monitoring
Chapter:
Cardiovascular assessment and monitoring
Author(s):

Heather Baid

, Fiona Creed

, and Jessica Hargreaves

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198701071.003.0006
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date: 18 September 2019

Cardiac instability is common in critically ill patients, and there are a myriad reasons for this instability. This chapter begins with a discussion of cardiovascular assessment and monitoring, and then explores the management of patients with hypotension and hypertension, and considers the different forms of shock that may occur in critically ill patients. It also describes specific cardiac disorders and their management, including acute coronary syndrome, acute heart failure, pericarditis, and infective endocarditis. Cardiac arrhythmias also commonly occur in critically ill patients, and this chapter reviews their recognition, diagnosis, and initial management, focusing in particular on life-threatening arrhythmias and the use of cardiovascular medication.

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