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Heather Baid

, Fiona Creed

, and Jessica Hargreaves

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date: 21 September 2019

This chapter describes the components of the immune system, namely the lymphatic system, organs, and specific immunological cells, in relation to the physiology and pathophysiology of the immune system. The nursing care of the immunocompromised patient is then discussed, along with specific management considerations in this patient group, such as the principles of infection prevention and control and the practice of patient isolation. The clinical signs and symptoms, complications and treatment of specific immunological disorders are then described. These include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and vasculitic disorders such as Wegener’s granulomatosis/polyarteritis nodosa and Goodpasture’s disease. Finally, the causes and symptoms of anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions are described, and the difference between these two emergencies is explained. The anaphylaxis management algorithm issued by the Resuscitation Council (UK) is also included.

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