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Metabolic disorders 

Metabolic disorders
Metabolic disorders

Heather Baid

, Fiona Creed

, and Jessica Hargreaves

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date: 21 September 2019

Metabolic disorders may trigger admission to critical care or may occur during an episode of critical care. Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder, and the number of patients admitted to hospital with complications relating to diabetes mellitus looks set to increase. This chapter describes in detail the assessment and management of patients presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), hypoglycaemia, and diabetes insipidus. Finally, a detailed account of the definition, assessment, and management of other metabolic disorders that may be encountered, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism , phaeochromocytoma, and Addison’s disease, is presented.

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