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Suicide on all the continents in the young 

Suicide on all the continents in the young
Suicide on all the continents in the young

Alan Apter

, Cendrine Bursztein

, José M Bertolote

, Alexandra Fleischmann

, and Danuta Wasserman

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date: 17 May 2022

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of suicidal behaviours in young people in selected countries on the five continents. The chapter indicates that suicide is a global public health problem, and an issue of major concern in developing countries as much as it is in the well-studied developed parts of the world. Patterns of suicidal behaviours in the various continents have some similarities and some differences in aspects such as male:female ratio, cultural and societal risk factors and relative rates in different age groups. For example, in North America, Australia and New Zealand all indigenous populations show the same pattern of high suicidality. Also, after a long period of increasing rates among males in the West, there is now a significant drop in rates of young male suicides. In contrast to the other continents, Asia shows a unique pattern of higher suicide rates in young women compared to young men. Furthermore, a high use of self-poisoning with pesticides can be found in this part of the world.

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