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Risk for suicidal behaviour in personality disorders 

Risk for suicidal behaviour in personality disorders
Chapter:
Risk for suicidal behaviour in personality disorders
Author(s):

Barbara Stanley

and Jennifer Jones

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0039
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date: 18 August 2019

While borderline personality disorder (BPD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are the only two disorders in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders IV that list suicidal behaviour as a criterion, studies have shown that other personality disorders also increase one’s risk for suicide. Among Axis II personality disorders, suicide has also been found to be associated with antisocial personality disorder and avoidant personality disorder, and there is a possibility that schizoid personality disorder increases the risk for suicide (Duberstein and Conwell 1997). Moreover, stressful life events, such as those involving interpersonal distress and loss, confer a significant risk for those with personality disorders, possibly due to poor coping strategies. Reliable instruments with good psychometric properties need to be established that are sensitive to detecting Axis II personality disorders. This chapter reviews the literature on suicidal behaviours in personality disorders.

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