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Labour market, work environment and suicide 

Labour market, work environment and suicide
Chapter:
Labour market, work environment and suicide
Author(s):

Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0032
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date: 17 August 2019

Work is an important sphere of human life. Besides economic subsistence, it also furnishes workers with social status and influences their life conditions in a profound manner. Social class at large seems to be connected with suicidality, but studies on the effects of specific occupations have produced few lasting results, perhaps due to the different societies investigated. In addition, lack of adequate data and problems with the methods chosen cause problems in the estimates of suicide mortality by class or occupation. However, it seems that the most vulnerable position is that of those who do not work at all. There is abundant empirical evidence of a surplus risk for suicide among the unemployed, but the causal nature of this relationship still needs clarification. Globally, the labour markets differ greatly, and so does their connection with suicide. Labour-market oriented suicide prevention issues concern unemployment policies, reduction of work-related access to means of suicide, and the use of the workplace as a base for suicide prevention.

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