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Suicide attempts in Europe 

Suicide attempts in Europe
Chapter:
Suicide attempts in Europe
Author(s):

Ellenor Mittendorfer Rutz

and Armin Schmidtke

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0020
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date: 22 August 2019

The comparison of international statistics on suicide attempt across European countries is challenged by differences in definitions and the lack of compulsory registration of suicide attempts. The WHO/EURO multi-centre study on parasuicide has overcome these obstacles, and has provided comprehensive data on both the occurrence and background factors of suicide attempt in different European countries. This article summarizes findings from the WHO/EURO study as well as from various other clinical and community surveys carried out in the region. Peculiarities of the inter-European variation in patterns and trends of the phenomenon and various social and psychiatric determinants are described in detail. The WHO/EURO study is continued as the MONSUE (Monitoring suicidal behaviour in Europe) study, which will supply even more detailed data on specific risk groups. These can then be supported by tailor-made suicide prevention strategies.

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