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Suicide attempts in Asia 

Suicide attempts in Asia
Chapter:
Suicide attempts in Asia
Author(s):

Guo-Xin Jiang

and Qi Cheng

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0017
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date: 17 August 2019

Data on the prevalence of attempted suicide are sparse in Asian countries, particularly data gathered from large, general population- based surveys. Rates of attempted suicide reported results in various target groups and different areas, sometimes with large variations. For example, the prevalence of suicide attempts could be as low as 0.4 per cent of a sample aged over years in Hanoi, Vietnam; and 7.0 per cent among adolescent students aged 12–18 years in a rural prefecture of China. However, the age and gender distribution of suicide attempts are similar in Asia to Western countries, with the highest being among females and young people. Self-poisoning by ingestion of various medications or pesticides is a common method in Asian countries, predominantly in the rural areas. In general, fewer suicide attempters in Asia have had a diagnosis of psychiatric illness before the attempt compared to Western countries. Large representative, population-based investigations on suicide behaviour with a well-designed epidemiological method are urgently needed in Asia.

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