Show Summary Details
Page of

Suicide prevention in the United States of America 

Suicide prevention in the United States of America
Suicide prevention in the United States of America

Jerry Reed

and Morton M Silverman

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 May 2022

In May 1993, the United Nations convened a meeting of fifteen experts from twelve countries (Australia, Canada, China, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, India, Japan, Netherlands, Nigeria, United Arab Emirates and the United States) to draft guidelines for the development of national strategies for the prevention of suicidal behaviours (Ramsay and Tanney 1996). These guidelines were subsequently published as Prevention of suicide: guidelines for the formulation and implementation of national strategies (United Nations 1996).

The UN Guidelines emphasized that the development of a national strategy required:

1 A government-initiated national policy that declares suicide prevention as a public health priority; 2 Broad involvement from different sectors and segments of society, and

3 The establishment of a coordinating body to formulate and implement the strategy (Ramsey 2001).

In 1997, following the United Nations Guidelines, advocates pressed for resolutions to be introduced in the 105th Congress of the United States to recognize suicide as a national problem, worthy of a national solution, and calling for the development of a national strategy. Both resolutions specifically urged the development of ‘an effective national strategy for the prevention of suicide’, and were critical steps in moving suicide prevention efforts in the United States forward.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.