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Suicide prevention in Romania 

Suicide prevention in Romania
Chapter:
Suicide prevention in Romania
Author(s):

Doina Cozman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0121
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date: 23 September 2019

Romania, located in south-eastern Europe, has 41 counties and the District of Bucharest, with a population in 2000 of 21.7 million, 45 per cent of whom reside in rural settings. Loss of financial stability during the transition to free market economy is a characteristic of contemporary Romanian society. Dramatic shifts within the 1990s have generated interest in mental health and prevention in psychiatry, which includes the legislative Mental Health Law, which was passed through Parliament in 2002 (Jane-Llopis and Anderson 2006). Reporting suicide statistics to the WHO, which was banned during the communist regime, became possible after the political changes in December 1989 (Schmidtke et al. 2004).

Suicide statistics were not reported to the international medical or political structures, a ‘strategy’, which was employed to cover up the sad reality that the totalitarian regime restricted human rights (Cozman 2004).

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