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Suicide prevention in Singapore 

Suicide prevention in Singapore
Chapter:
Suicide prevention in Singapore
Author(s):

Chia Boon Hock

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570059.003.0111
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date: 22 August 2019

Singapore is a small island nation (pop: 3.3 million), which is centrally located in South East Asia. The resident population comprises a mixture of cultures including Chinese (77 per cent), Malay (14 per cent) and Indian (8 per cent). Over the last decades, suicide rates in Singapore have fluctuated between 8–10/100,000 populations per year (Chia and Chia 2008). Between 2000 and 2004, suicide accounted for 2.2 per cent of all deaths. These rates were highest in those aged >65 years (29.9/100,000); amongst ethnic Chinese (13.5/100,000), followed by ethnic Indians (13.2/100,000) and ethnic Malays (2.8/100,000). The male:female ratio of completed suicide was 1.5:1. The most common mode of suicide was by jumping from high-rise buildings, with 23 per cent having attempted suicide before. In 55 per cent of the cases, the victims had provided warnings that they were contemplating suicide.

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