Show Summary Details
Page of

The Myiases 

The Myiases
Chapter:
The Myiases
Author(s):

Mahmoud N. Abo-Shehada

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570028.003.0075
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 December 2019

Human myiases can be caused by over 50 species of dipteran larvae. The numbers of human clinical myiasis reports, reflect their relative importance in the following order; cutaneous, ophthalmomyiases, nasal, oral, intestinal, ear, urogenital, and cerebral myiases. Myiasis producing flies are distributed worldwide, but most reported cases are from warm and developing countries. Molecular techniques have been applied to myiasis fly identification and classification, especially ostrids and calliphorines. Successful elimination programs have been carried out against Hypoderma spp. in the UK and Cochliomyia hominivorax in the USA, Mexico, Central America, Libya and the Caribbean Islands and another is ongoing against Crysomya bezziana in the Middle East. A beneficial myissis “Biosurgery or maggot therapy” is the intentional use of Lucilia sericata larvae applied in specially designed dressings to chronic and MRSA infected wounds. The growing larvae execration/secretion facilitate wound debridement and successfully treated leg and pressure ulcers, wounds associated with diabetes, and many other types of infected wounds in a shorter time compared to conventional treatment. Now knowledge of myiases producing flies is accepted in many countries as a forensic tool.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.