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Yellow fever 

Yellow fever
Chapter:
Yellow fever
Author(s):

Thomas P. Monath

and J. Erin Staples

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570028.003.0045
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date: 24 February 2020

Yellow fever is an acute mosquito-borne flavivirus infection characterized in its full-blown form by fever, jaundice, albuminuria, and haemorrhage. Two forms are distinguished: urban yellow fever in which the virus is spread from person to person by peridomestic Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and jungle (sylvan) yellow fever transmitted by tree-hole breeding mosquitoes between non-human primates and sometimes humans. Yellow fever is endemic and epidemic in tropical areas of the Americas and Africa but has never appeared in Asia or the Pacific region. Prevention and control are effected principally through yellow fever vaccination.

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