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Tick-borne encephalitides 

Tick-borne encephalitides
Chapter:
Tick-borne encephalitides
Author(s):

Patricia A. Nuttall

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570028.003.0044
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date: 24 February 2020

Tick-borne encephalitides are caused by three different viruses transmitted by ticks and belonging to the Flaviviridae virus family: tick-borne encephalitis virus (Far Eastern, Siberian, and European subtypes), louping ill virus, and Powassan virus (including deer tick virus). These viruses cause encephalitis affecting humans in Eurasia and North America. In nature, they are maintained in transmission cycles involving Ixodes tick species and small or medium-sized wild mammals. The tick-borne flavivirus group is one of the most intensely studied groups of tick-borne pathogens.

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