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Other bacterial diseasesRat-bite fevers 

Other bacterial diseasesRat-bite fevers
Chapter:
Other bacterial diseasesRat-bite fevers
Author(s):

Roland L. Salmon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570028.003.0022
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date: 24 February 2020

Infection with Streptobacillus moniliformis, gives rise to Rat-Bite fever also known as Streptobacillary Fever, and, when epidemic Epidemic Arthritic Erythema (Haverhill Fever). It occurs worldwide. Only three outbreaks have been described. It is either caused by the bite of, or similar close contact with, a rat or other infected rodent, or, when epidemic, by the ingestion of water or milk contaminated by rats. Control requires limiting human contact with rats, traditionally by prevention of rat infestation although, of recent years, in developed countries, the keeping of rats as pets has played an important role.

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