Show Summary Details
Page of

Other bacterial diseasesPasteurellosis 

Other bacterial diseasesPasteurellosis
Chapter:
Other bacterial diseasesPasteurellosis
Author(s):

Daniel Rh. Thomas

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570028.003.0021
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 February 2020

Pasteurellosis is a zoonosis that occurs worldwide, caused by bacteria of the genus Pasteurella, and other related organisms. Pasteurellosis reported in humans is most frequently caused by the species Pasteurella multocida. In humans, cutaneous infection is most common, but more severe outcomes have been reported, particularly in those with underlying chronic disease. Infection in animals is usually subclinical, but may give rise to a range of clinical symptoms, depending on the host species. Disease in animals usually occurs as a consequence of stress such as overcrowding, chilling, transportation, or as a result of a concurrent infection. In animals, pasteurellosis is known as: shipping fever or pneumonia, transport or transit fever, stockyard pneumonia, bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis, haemorrhagic septicaemia, or avian, bird or fowl cholera. The pasteurella bacterium is commonly present in the mouth and gastrointestinal tract of a wide range of mammals. Transmission to humans occurs after bites, scratches, or licks from infected animals, most frequently from dogs or cats, although infection has been associated with other animals including: cows, pigs, hamsters and rabbits. However, not all patients report a history of direct animal contact. Infection may be prevented through the avoidance of animal bites and the prompt hygienic care of wounds. Health professionals should be aware of the risk of pasterurellosis in immunocompromised patients exposed to companion animals.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.