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Veterinary and human health surveillance and risk analysis of zoonoses in the UK and Europe 

Veterinary and human health surveillance and risk analysis of zoonoses in the UK and Europe
Chapter:
Veterinary and human health surveillance and risk analysis of zoonoses in the UK and Europe
Author(s):

Dilys Morgan

, Ruth Lysons

, and Hilary Kirkbride

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198570028.003.0003
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date: 09 December 2019

Surveillance (derived from the French word surveiller, meaning to watch over) is the ‘ongoing scrutiny, generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than for complete accuracy. Its main purpose is to detect changes in trend or distribution in order to initiate investigative, (preventive) or control or measures’ (Last 1988).

Understanding the burden and detecting changes in the incidence of human and animal infections utilises a number of surveillance mechanisms, which rely on voluntary and/or statutory reporting systems. These include international as well as national surveillance schemes for outbreaks of infectious disease and laboratory-confirmed infections, enhanced surveillance schemes for specific

zoonoses and notification of specified infectious diseases.

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