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Neurotransmitters and neuromodulators in the central nervous system and cardiovascular regulation 

Neurotransmitters and neuromodulators in the central nervous system and cardiovascular regulation
Chapter:
Neurotransmitters and neuromodulators in the central nervous system and cardiovascular regulation
Author(s):

Eduardo E. Benarroch

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198566342.003.0005
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date: 10 April 2020

The areas of the central nervous system controlling cardiovascular function include the insular and anterior cingulate cortices, amygdala, paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, periaqueductal gray, parabrachial nucleus, nucleus of the solitary tract, ventrolateral medulla, medullary raphe, vagal nuclei, and intermediolateral cell column.

Rapid communication within these regions is mediated by the excitatory amino acid L-glutamate and the inhibitory amino acid γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)....

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