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Neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system 

Neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system
Chapter:
Neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system
Author(s):

Wilfrid Jänig

and Elspeth M. McLachlan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198566342.003.0003
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date: 10 April 2020

Motor activity and patterned behaviours originating in the brain are only possible when the cells, tissues, and organs of the body are maintained in an optimal environment, so as to enable continuous adjustments to the varying internal and external demands that are placed on the organism, both in the short term and long term. Short-term control includes control of blood flow, body fluid ­volume and osmotic pressure, body temperature, gastrointestinal and pelvic organ function, and metabolism. Long-term control includes the growth and maintenance of body tissues and organs, sleep and wakefulness, protection and defence from the cellular level to the whole organism....

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