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Antiretroviral Nanotherapies 

Antiretroviral Nanotherapies
Chapter:
Antiretroviral Nanotherapies
Author(s):

Madhavan P. N. Nair

and Zainulabedin M. Saiyed

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195399349.003.0071
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date: 17 June 2019

Although highly active anti-retroviral therapy has significantly reduced the severity of HIV disease, complete eradication of virus from hard-to-access reservoirs in the HIV-infected patient remains a major challenge. The central nervous system, protected by its blood-brain barrier (BBB), represents one of the major anatomical reservoirs for HIV-1. Nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems have shown tremendous potential for penetrating the BBB and targeting antiretroviral drugs to the brain. This review highlights selected nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems that hold the potential for future effective treatment of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. Results from our laboratory on the use of magnetically-guided nanocarrier-based drug delivery systems for targeting active forms of antiretroviral drugs to the brain are discussed.

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