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Growing up with HIV Disease 

Growing up with HIV Disease
Growing up with HIV Disease

Shirley F. Delair

, Leslie K. Serchuck

, and Lynnae Schwartz

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date: 17 June 2019

In the USA and other resource-rich countries, there are two distinct populations of HIV-1 infected youths: those who grew up with the disease after having been infected through maternal-to-child-transmission, and adolescents newly infected through participation in high-risk behaviors. Each of these groups faces unique challenges, as well as the shared burden of struggling to mature into fully independent and productive adults in the face of a serious disease. Of major concern for both groups is the cumulative central nervous system effects of HIV-1 in the brain, the possibly disease-amplifying effects of stress that are inherent in living with HIV, adverse reactions to medications, and the burdens of chronic illness. This chapter focuses on challenges confronting these young people, highlighting what is known about how HIV-1 disease impacts the individual's transition into full adulthood.

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