Show Summary Details
Page of



Jessica Robinson-Papp

, Kenneth A. Fox

, David M. Simpson

, and Susan Morgello

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 July 2020

Skeletal muscle disorders associated with HIV infection are myriad. These disorders may present as initial symproms of HIV disease or at any time during the course of infection. Diagnosis is not always straightforward, as multiple pathologies may coexist in the same patient and myopathies may be masked by concomitant central nervous system disorders. Neuromuscular disorders may be caused by HIV infection itself or arise secondarily as a result of a variety of processes that are associated with HIV infection, including as a treatment side effect. Furthermore, the insidious progression of most neuromuscular disorders may be overlooked in the advanced stages of AIDS, when other complications dominate the clinical picture. Prompt recognition of neuromuscular disease is important in HIV-infected patients, as therapy may dramatically improve the patient's quality of life. This chapter reviews the spectrum of myopathies that occurs in association with HIV infection and treatment. We describe the clinical, electrophysiological, and pathological features of these disorders, and discuss theories of pathogenesis and options for management.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.