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Patient Monitoring 

Patient Monitoring
Patient Monitoring

Samuel M. Galvagno Jr

and Bhavani Kodali

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date: 04 August 2020

The expertise and skill of the modern anesthesiologist is increasingly required when anesthesia is administered for procedures performed outside of the operating room (OOOR). The OOOR environment is fraught with challenges and often requires a great deal of flexibility without compromising patient care. In the practice of anesthesiology, physiological monitoring of patients is imperative and is recognized as a standard of care. Although definitive data are lacking, some studies have suggested that adverse events occurring in the OOOR environment have a higher severity of injury and may result from substandard care, including lack of adherence to minimum monitoring guidelines.1,2 This chapter will focus on the physics, physiology, limitations, and recommendations for standard physiological monitors that should be utilized in the OOOR environment. A special emphasis is placed on pulse oximetry and capnography.

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