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End-Stage Renal Disease 

End-Stage Renal Disease
End-Stage Renal Disease

Emily Chai

, Diane Meier

, Jane Morris

, and Suzanne Goldhirsch

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date: 20 June 2021

Chapter 79 covers end-stage renal disease, including a case study, definition, prevalence, likely etiologies, diagnosis, treatment options, expected disease course, prognosis, causes of mortality in dialysis patients, decision-making about dialysis, the ‘Four Topics’ method, special issues in end-stage renal disease, symptom management, pain, muscle cramps, pruritis, fatigue, symptoms of advanced CKD at end of life, and take-home points.

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