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Infectious Diseases 

Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases

Robert W. Baloh

, Vicente Honrubia

, and Kevin A. Kerber

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date: 12 May 2021

Bacterial infections involving the audio-vestibular structures result from the spread of an infection from another region of the body, typically the middle ear or the meninges. As with most bacterial infectious disorders, the advent of antibiotics substantially changed the prevalence and scope of complications from infectious diseases. Prior to antibiotics, it was not uncommon for the common variety of middle ear infection, otitis media, to evolve into a chronic infection that eventually eroded into the inner ear. However, with antibiotics it is now quite rare for this to occur. Thus, at this point viral infections—or at least presumed viral infections—are the most common type of infectious process involving the audio-vestibular system.

In this chapter we discuss infectious diseases that can involve the audio-vestibular system.

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