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Overview of Vestibular Anatomy and Physiology 

Overview of Vestibular Anatomy and Physiology
Chapter:
Overview of Vestibular Anatomy and Physiology
Author(s):

Robert W. Baloh

, Vicente Honrubia

, and Kevin A. Kerber

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195387834.003.0001
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date: 31 July 2021

The vestibular system transduces the forces associated with head acceleration and gravity into a biologic signal. The control centers in the brain use this signal to develop a subjective awareness of head position in relation to the environment and to produce motor reflexes for equilibrium, relating these experiences to those of other sensory systems during locomotion. The vestibular system, by means of its receptors for the perception of linear and angular acceleration, plays a central role in orientation.

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