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Labor Markets, Employment Policies, and Health 

Labor Markets, Employment Policies, and Health
Labor Markets, Employment Policies, and Health

Mauricio Avendano

and Lisa F. Berkman

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date: 28 January 2021

This chapter examines relationships between employment and health. It discusses impacts of unemployment, job security, maternity leave, and retirement on health, particularly focusing on issues of causality. It reviews human capital theory as a useful framework to understand the link between work, employment policy, and health. It summarizes literature on business cycles on health. It focuses on how labor market transitions associated with maternity leave and retirement might impact health. It focuses on these transitions, given their relevance for current societies experiencing major changes related to population aging and increasing work/family demands as women join the paid labor force. It draws implications for how policies that regulate the length, continuity, and nature of employment might impact health.

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