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Working Conditions and Health 

Working Conditions and Health
Working Conditions and Health

Lisa F. Berkman

, Ichiro Kawachi

, and Töres Theorell

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date: 23 June 2021

We are living in a rapidly changing world of work, which has profound effects on our health and well-being. Demographic and industrial transitions have produced huge changes in the labor force. Aging societies with more older workers, increasing diversity of family composition, and the majority of women employed in the paid work force influence the dynamics of labor supply and work organization around the world. This chapter focuses on the health impacts of six domains of work organization: (1) job demands, control, and support; (2) effort and reward imbalance; (3) organizational justice; (4) nonstandard work schedules, including shift work and precarious work; (5) work and family conflict and associated supervisor and workplace support; and (6) schedule control and flexible work arrangements.

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