Show Summary Details
Page of

Income Inequality 

Income Inequality
Chapter:
Income Inequality
Author(s):

Ichiro Kawachi

and S. V. Subramanian

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195377903.003.0004
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 June 2020

Does income inequality pose a threat to population health? The chapter presents three distinct accounts of why and how income inequality could be linked to population health outcomes, namely, (1) the absolute income effect (the concavity hypothesis), (2) the relative income hypothesis (and the related theories of relative deprivation induced by social comparisons), and (3) the contextual effect hypothesis (also referred to as the “pollution effect” of income inequality). The three stories are not mutually exclusive; they may all, some, or none of them be correct. The chapter summarizes the state of knowledge and empirical evidence supporting each of these accounts.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.