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Occupational Therapy 

Occupational Therapy
Occupational Therapy

Linn Wakeford

and Grace T. Baranek

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date: 30 July 2021

Children, youth, and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) often find it difficult to participate successfully in one or more daily life activities or routines and to participate socially in family and community life. Family members and other primary caregivers of individuals with ASDs also often find their own participation in daily life difficult to orchestrate. Because occupational therapists are concerned with the ability of people to participate meaningfully in daily life activities and routines as well as the social connections they imply, they are able to offer support and services to people with autism and their families in a variety of ways. This chapter focuses on the occupational therapy processes of assessment and planning, implementing, and reviewing intervention for people with ASDs, as well as the use of education and consultation to support family members and others. It begins with the presentation of a conceptual framework that informs the delivery of occupational therapy services, and the ways in which this framework may be applied in practice to individuals with ASDs and their families and caregivers. A number of empirically supported strategies are included in the discussion of intervention and in case examples.

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