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Congenital Abnormalities of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium 

Congenital Abnormalities of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Chapter:
Congenital Abnormalities of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Author(s):

Arturo Santos

and Elias I. Traboulsi

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195326147.003.0010
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date: 05 April 2020

Congenital abnormalities of the RPE may be divided into focal, diffuse, and mixed categories. In focal lesions, such as congenital hypertrophy of the RPE (CHRPE), only a circumscribed group of cells are morphologically different from the rest of the RPE. In some metabolic diseases, such as albinism, on the other hand, all RPE cells are abnormal. In other conditions, such as familial adenomatous polyposis, there are focal lesions in addition to a diffuse RPE involvement. A clinicopathologic classification of these abnormalities is included in this chapter.

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