Show Summary Details
Page of



Philip L. Beales

and I. Sadaf Farooqi

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 April 2021

Never before in history has there been such an abundance of energy-rich, highly processed foodstuffs. However, the price of progress is beginning to be felt among more Westernized populations with seemingly inexorable rises in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. This so-called nutrition transition combined with increasingly sedentary lifestyles is promoting an obesogenic environment, which according to the World Health Organization (WHO) is now the greatest risk factor for ill health worldwide. This chapter provides a brief introduction to obesity and obesity-related morbidity before summarizing some of the common terms in use throughout the field of genetics that shall be encountered in subsequent chapters. Inheritance patterns are described and an overview of the genetics of obesity is provided, before finally polygenic obesity gene identification is discussed.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.