Show Summary Details
Page of

Vascular Malformations of the Central Nervous Systems 

Vascular Malformations of the Central Nervous Systems
Vascular Malformations of the Central Nervous Systems

Edward R. Smith

, R. Michael Scott

, and Patricia E. Burrows

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 January 2022

Vascular malformations of the central nervous system (CNS) are a heterogenous group of lesions that occur in both the brain and spinal cord. This chapter reviews the pathophysiology of arteriovenous malformation [AVM], capillary malformation [CM] (“capillary telangiectasia”) and venous malformation [VM] in the CNS. In addition, cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM), developmental venous anomaly (DVA) and the arteriopathy of moyamoya are also discussed. Recent genetic and molecular biological associations add to the understanding of the development and clinical presentation of these entities. Current treatments, including intra-arterial embolization, radiosurgery and novel surgical approaches are described. Fast-flow vascular malformations presenting in neonates and infants, including vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation and dural and pial arteriovenous fistulae are discussed, with extensive illustration of their treatment.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.