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Clinical Assessment of Vascular Malformations 

Clinical Assessment of Vascular Malformations
Clinical Assessment of Vascular Malformations

Steven J. Fishman

and Anthony E. Young

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date: 27 January 2022

With experience, a vascular malformation can be specifically diagnosed by careful history and physical examination. Specific signs and symptoms provide clues. Prognosis and potential complications can also be predicted. Imaging studies can confirm a clinical diagnosis, clarify those that are more difficult, and are often critical to treatment planning. Non-radiographic clinical studies have mostly been relegated to historic interest with the development of magnetic resonance imaging. Expertise in clinical assessment can diminish the need for biopsy.

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