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Patterns of Malformations: Non-Random Clusters 

Patterns of Malformations: Non-Random Clusters
Chapter:
Patterns of Malformations: Non-Random Clusters
Author(s):

Lewis B. Holmes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195136029.003.0023
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date: 21 October 2020

This chapter covers the following patterns of malformations: Non-Random Clusters: CANTRELL PENTALOGY, C.H.A.R.G.E. ASSOCIATION, HEMIFACIAL MICROSOMIA, OTOCEPHALY, POLAND ANOMALY, URETHRAL OBSTRUCTION: PRUNE BELLY SYNDROME, and VACTERL (VATER) ASSOCIATION. The chapter includes information on definition, appearance, associated malformations, developmental defect, prevalence, genetic factors, environmental factors, treatment and prognosis, and genetic counselling.

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