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Metabolic, endocrine, degenerative 

Metabolic, endocrine, degenerative
Metabolic, endocrine, degenerative

Henk Giele

and Oliver Cassell

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date: 08 December 2021

Rheumatoid arthritis 632

Scleroderma, CREST syndrome, systemic sclerosis 636

Osteoarthritis 638

Gout 640

Chronic systemic autoimmune disease causing inflammation and proliferation of synovium.

1%, fairly consistent worldwide.

Female-to-male ratio 3:1.

Multifactorial and uncertain; possibly an environmental agent in genetically susceptible individuals, with hormonal modulation....

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