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Metabolic, endocrine, degenerative 

Metabolic, endocrine, degenerative
Chapter:
Metabolic, endocrine, degenerative
Author(s):

Henk Giele

and Oliver Cassell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780192632227.003.0018
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date: 05 December 2020

Rheumatoid arthritis 632

Scleroderma, CREST syndrome, systemic sclerosis 636

Osteoarthritis 638

Gout 640

Chronic systemic autoimmune disease causing inflammation and proliferation of synovium.

1%, fairly consistent worldwide.

Female-to-male ratio 3:1.

Multifactorial and uncertain; possibly an environmental agent in genetically susceptible individuals, with hormonal modulation....

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