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Abdomen and trunk 

Abdomen and trunk
Abdomen and trunk

Henk Giele

and Oliver Cassell

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date: 24 July 2021

Abdominal wall reconstruction 384

Spinal closure 387

Layers: skin, Camper's fascia, Scarpa's fascia, musculo-aponeurotic layer, transversalis fascia, pre-peritoneal fat, peritoneum.

Muscles: laterally—external oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominus. Midline—rectus abdominus surrounded by the rectus sheath.

Vascular supply: Superior epigastric, intercostal, deep and superficial inferior epigastric, deep and superficial circumflex iliac arteries....

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