Show Summary Details
Page of

Perineal pain and discomfort 

Perineal pain and discomfort
Perineal pain and discomfort

Murray Enkin

, Marc J. N. C. Keirse

, James Neilson

, Caroline Crowther

, Lelia Duley

, Ellen Hodnett

, and Justus Hofmeyr

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 December 2020

Chapter 47 covers perineal pain and discomfort, including local applications (non-pharmacological applications, local antiseptics, local anesthetics, combinations of local anesthetics and topical steroids), local physiotherapies (relief of pressure on the perineum, ultrasound and pulsed electromagnetic energy, pelvic floor exercises), and treatments taken by mouth (herbal preparations, proteolytic enzymes, and oral analgesics).

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.